Employing Neural Style Transfer for Generating Deep Dream Images

Keywords: Deep dream, Gradient ascent, Gram matrix, Neural style transfer


In recent years, deep dream and neural style transfer emerged as hot topics in deep learning. Hence, mixing those two techniques support the art and enhance the images that simulate hallucinations among psychiatric patients and drug addicts. In this study, our model combines deep dream and neural style transfer (NST) to produce a new image that combines the two technologies. VGG-19 and Inception v3 pre-trained networks are used for NST and deep dream, respectively. Gram matrix is a vital process for style transfer. The loss is minimized in style transfer while maximized in a deep dream using gradient descent for the first case and gradient ascent for the second. We found that different image produces different loss values depending on the degree of clarity of that images. Distorted images have higher loss values in NST and lower loss values with deep dreams. The opposite happened for the clear images that did not contain mixed lines, circles, colors, or other shapes.


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Author Biographies

Lafta R. Al-Khazraji, (1) Department of Computer Science, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq. (2) General Directorate of Education of Salahuddin Governorate, Iraq.

Lafta R. Al-Khazraji is an Assistant Lecturer at the General Directorate of Education of Salahuddin Governorate, Iraq. He received the B.Sc. degree in Computer Science from Al Rafidain University College, the M.Sc. degree in Computer Science from Iraqi Commission for Computers & Informatics. Recently, he is a Ph.D. candidate at the department of Computer Science, University of Technology. His research interests include artificial intelligence, image processing, machin learning, deep learning, pattern recognition and computer networks.

Ayad R. Abbas, Department of Computer Science, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq.

Ayad R. Abbas is a Professor at the Computer Science Department, University of Technology, Iraq. He has a Ph.D. degree in Applied Computer Technology from Wuhan University, School of Computer Science, China. His research interests include artificial intelligent, machine learning, natural language processing, deep learning, data mining, web mining, information retrieval, soft computing, E-learning, E-commerce and recommended systems.

Abeer S. Jamil, Department of Computer Technology Engineering, Al-Mansour University College, Baghdad, Iraq

Abeer S. Jamil received the MSc. and Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from the University of Technology, Iraq. Her research interests are digital image processing, video processing, security software engineering, networking, and artificial intelligence applications.


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How to Cite
Al-Khazraji, L. R., Abbas, A. R. and Jamil, A. S. (2022) “Employing Neural Style Transfer for Generating Deep Dream Images”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 10(2), pp. 134-141. doi: 10.14500/aro.11051.