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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • As ARO publishes paper submitted by academic community only, we follow a basic rule that all authors need to provide their official university/institute email address when submitting their papers. Also, all authors need to have active Google Scholar Account and a account. They need to provide these at the time of registration.

    In very rare cases when authors' university/institute does not provide official email addresses, Aro only accept institutional emails.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The similarity report with more than 15% is not accepted, and submission will be declined immediately.
  • The Abstract should not exceed 250 words.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word (MS-Word) *.doc or *.docx format without authors names, according to stage-one template.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is double-spaced; Times New Roman font type, normal, 12-point font size and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. Use Stage-One template file for submission.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Preparation: 

Submitting your manuscript will be in two stages namely before final acceptance and after.

Stage one:
The manuscript needs to be prepared electronically in a Word (.doc, .docx, .rtf) and PDF formats, then sent via the online submission system after registration. The Word (.doc, .docx, .rtf) file format is of one column double-spaced page, Times New Roman font type, and 12 p font size. The authors’ full names and affiliation will be removed after submission by the Editorial Office for the sake of the double-blind review process. Referencing and Citation must be according to Harvard/ARO system. Click here to download stage-one manuscript template.

>>> Download stage-one manuscript file | MS-Office version | PDF version

Stage two:
After manuscript acceptance, the production team of ARO Journal will prepare the camera-ready paper. 

Units of Measurement: 
Units of measurement should be presented simply and concisely using System International (SI) units.

The manuscript should contain an abstract. The abstract should be self-contained and citation-free and should not exceed 250 words.

This section should be succinct, with no subheadings.

Materials and Methods: 
This part should contain sufficient detail so that all procedures can be repeated. It can be divided into subsections if several methods are described.

Results and Discussion: 
This section may each be divided by subheadings or may be combined.

This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work highlighting its importance and relevance.

All acknowledgements (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references and may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth.

References must be included in the manuscript and authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. Manuscripts without them will be returned. ARO is following Harvard System of Referencing. This is a Harvard Referencing Auto Generator tools or learn how to import and use Harvard Styling in your Microsoft Office by clicking here. There are Referencing tools that can help you to organise and implement your references according to Harvard System of Referencing such as Mendeley Resources, Please click to download and learn more, or use REFME and opensource referencing system. You can also use the Simple Text Query from CrossRef, shown on the right side, to reach any publication DOI. This service allows individuals to retrieve CrossRef Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) for non-commercial use. For more information please see Koya University Referencing System.

Author Biography: 
Authors now have the option to publish a biography together with the paper, with information such as MD/PhD degree, past and present positions, research interests, awards, etc. This increases the profile of the authors and is well received by international readers. See samples of author biography in previous ARO publications. The corresponding author should give the biography of all manuscript authors during registration.

Preparation of Figures: 
Upon submission of an article, authors are supposed to include all figures and tables in the file of the manuscript. Figures should be supplied as a bitmap formats (TIF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers.

Preparation of Tables: 
Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading. Vertical rules should not be used.

Equations should be numbered consecutively.

English Grammar: 
To save the time of our reviewers, authors are encouraged to use grammar check software or find the help of a native speaker to proofread the manuscript before submission.

Original Contribution: 
The originality of the scientific contribution should be clearly stated in the manuscript.

We use plagiarism detection.; According to Oxford on-line dictionary, Plagiarism means: The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own. For more information about plagiarism, type of plagiarism and what constitutes plagiarism, kindly see the Koya University Referencing System.. The Editorial Board of Aro journal will check any case of plagiarism on its own merits. If the plagiarism is detected, either by the editor or peer reviewer at any stage before publication of the manuscript - before or after  acceptance, during editing or at page proof stage, we will alert the author(s), asking him/her to either rewrite the text or quote the text exactly and to cite the original text. If at least 15% of the original submission is plagiarised, ARO journal has the right to reject the manuscript.

Effective Writing:
Effective writing is readable — that is, clear, accurate, and concise. When you are writing a paper, try to get your ideas across in such a way that the audience will understand them effortlessly, unambiguously, and rapidly. To this end, strive to write in a straightforward way. There is no need to write about science in unusual, complicated, or overly formal ways in an effort to "sound scientific" or to impress your audience. If you can tell a friend about your work, you are off to a good start. (see more on this topic at

Length Policy: 
Manuscript length policy set by ARO provides guidance on the expected length of the manuscript that submitted to be published either as a regular research or review paper. It is intended to be used by authors in preparing their manuscript for submission. The length guidelines include the abstract, references and appendices but do not include figure captions or table content.

Regular research paper
Between 2500 and 3000 words:                 [Less than 15 figures = Acceptable]
Between 2500 and 3000 words:                 [More than 15 figures = Overlong]
Between 3000 and 4500 words:                 [Less than 12 figures = Acceptable]
Between 3000 and 4500 words:                 [More than 12 figures = Overlong]
Between 4500 and 5000 words:                 [Less than 10 figures = Acceptable]
Between 4500 and 5000 words:                 [More than 10 figures = Overlong]
Between 5000 and 6000 words:                 [Less than 8 figures = Acceptable]
Between 5000 and 6000 words:                 [More than 8 figures = Overlong]
More than 6000 words:                               [Any number = Overlong]

Review paper
Up to 10,000 words:   [Less than 20 figures = Acceptable]    |    Over 10,000 words:   [More than 20 figures = Overlong]    |    Please note that there is a limit of 12 tables for all paper types.


This is the main type of publication that Aro will produce.

Review Articles

A critical, constructive analysis of the literature in a specific field through summary, classification, analysis, comparison.


Letters are short reports of original research focused on an outstanding finding whose importance means that it will be of interest to scientists in other fields.

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