Absorption Parameters for Glucose Solution for Gamma Ray at 59.54 keV
AbstractPhoton absorption parameters for glucose solution at different concentrations such as linear attenuation coefficient, mass attenuation coefficient, effective atomic number, electron density and density determined at 59.54 keV photon energy. The mass attenuation coefficient is calculated using the mixture rule and a correction factor to approximate the experimental model is added. Accordingly, the effective atomic number and electronic density appears to decrease with increasing glucose concentration. Moreover, the measured linear attenuation coefficient and the density for the solution are linearly increased with concentration. We can conclude that the electrical conductivity of the solution depends on the physical nature of the electrical charge carrier in the solution, concentration of the solute material, and the electronic density of the solution at the same time.
Zamyatin, I.V. Burkov, K.A., 2012. Determination of solutions density by the dilatometric titration method. Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 82(4), pp.639-642.
Terwilliger, T. C., 2002. Automated structure solution, density modification and model building. Acta Cryst. D58, 1937-1940, pp.3519-3540.
Soppe, W. J, 1993. Computer simulation of radiation damage in NaCl using a kinetic rate reaction model. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 5 (22), pp.3519.
Marzouguia, K., Hamzaoui, A.H., Farah, K. and Ben Nessib, N., 2008. Electrical conductivity study of gamma-irradiated table sugar for high-dose dosimetry. Radiation Measurements, 43, pp. 1254–1257.
Hamzaoui, A.H., Farah, K., Marzougui, K., Horchani, S. , Ben Nessib, N. and M’Nif, A., 2009. PH-Metric study of gamma-irradiated table sugar for dosimetry purpose. Radiation Measurements, 44, pp.374–377.
Mitkar, S.R. and Dongarge, S.M., 2012a. Measurement of Linear and Mass Attenuation Coefficient of Alcohol Soluble Compound for Gamma Rays at Energy 0.511 MeV‖. Archives of Applied Science Research, 4(4), pp.1748-1752.
Mitkar, S.R. and Dongarge, S.M., 2012b. Study the Linear and Mass Attenuation Coefficient of Alcohol Soluble Compound for Gamma Rays at Energy 662 KeV. J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 4(8), pp.3944-3949.
Baldha, G.J., Raval, D.A., Subbarao, M.V., and Kulkarni, R. G., 1997. Attenuation Coefficient of Various Gamma Radiations by Solutions of Cobalt Sufate. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 48(8), pp.1121–1124.
Teli, M.T.e and Chaudhari, L.M., 1995. "Attenuation Coefficient of 123 KeV Gamma-Radiation by Dilute- Solution of Ferrous Sulfate". Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics, 33(7), pp.395-397.
Chaudhari, L. M. and Teli, M.T., 1996. Linear Attenuation (or Absorption) Coefficient of Gamma Radiation For dilute-Solutions of Potassium-Chloride. Applied radiation and isotopes, 47(3), pp. 365-367.
Teli, M.T.e and Chaudhari, L.M., 1996. The Attenuation Coefficient of Ammonium-Chloride for 662 KeV Gamma-Radiation, Measured for Dilute –solutions‖. Radiation physics and chemistry, 47(4), pp. 531-534.
Wang, D.C., Ping, LA. and Yang, H., 1995. Measurement of the mass attenuation coefficients for SiH4 and Si. Nucl Instrum Meth B; 95, pp.161-165.
Singh, K., Singh, H. and Sharma, V et al., 2002. Gamma-ray attenuation coefficients in bismuth borate glasses. Nucl Instrum Meth B; 194, pp.1-6.
Gerward, L., Guilbert, N. and Jensen, KB et al., 2004. WinXCom–a program for calculating X-ray attenuation coefficients. Radiat Phys Chem, 71, pp.653-654.
Baltej, S.S. Dhaliwal, A.S. Mann, K.S. and Kahlon, K.S., 2012, Study of mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic numbers and electron densities for some low Z compounds of dosimetry interest at 59.54 keV incident photon energy. Annals of Nuclear Energy, (42), pp.153–157.
Nil, K., Zeynal, T. and Merve, C., 2013. Determining photon energy absorption parameters for different soil Samples. Journal of Radiation Research, 54, pp.578–586.
Singh, G. K. Lark, B. S. and Sahota, H.S., 2000. Attenuation Measurements in Solutions of Some Carbohydrates‖. Nuclear Science and Engineering, 134 (2), pp.208-217.
Hubbell, J.H and Seltzer, S.M., 1995. Tables of X-Ray Mass Attenuation coefficients and Mass Energy Absorption Coefficients, 1 keV to 20 MeV for Elements Z=1 to 92 and 48 Additional Substances of Dosimetric Interest. Radiation Physics Division, PML, NIST.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce 1996. Available at: http://www.nist.gov/pml/data/xraycoef/index.cfm.
Riyadh, Ch. Abul-Hail, 2011. Electrical conductivity dosimetric characteristics of gamma-irradiated food salt. Journal of Basrah Researches (Sciences), 37(4) A, pp.25-29.
Copyright (c) 2016 Maan S. Al-Arif, Diyaree O. Kakil
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who choose to publish their work with Aro agree to the following terms:
Authors retain the copyright to their work and grant the journal the right of first publication. The work is simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-SA 4.0]. This license allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors have the freedom to enter into separate agreements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work. This includes options such as posting it to an institutional repository or publishing it in a book, as long as proper acknowledgement is given to its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are encouraged to share and post their work online, including in institutional repositories or on their personal websites, both prior to and during the submission process. This practice can lead to productive exchanges and increase the visibility and citation of the published work.
By agreeing to these terms, authors acknowledge the importance of open access and the benefits it brings to the scholarly community.