The Aro ("Today in Hewramí Kurdish), is a scientific journal published by the Koya University with e-ISSN: 2307-549X, p-ISSN: 2410-9355 and DOI: 10.14500/2307-549X. Aro is a journal of original scientific research, global news, and commentary. The Aro Scientific Journal is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of Science. ARO has been indexed by DOAJ and got DOAJ Seal. ARO has been accepted for indexing in the Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), a new edition of Web of Science™ - Clarivate Analytics (Thomson Reuters) since Feb 2016.


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Aro's Mission: Aro seeks to publish those papers that are most influential in their fields or across fields and that will significantly advance scientific understanding. Selected papers should present novel and broadly important data, syntheses, or concepts. They should merit the recognition by the scientific community and general public provided by publication in ARO, beyond that provided by speciality journals.

We welcome submissions from all fields of natural sciences and technology, and from any source. We are committed to the prompt evaluation and publication of submitted papers. Aro is an open-access journal (OAJ) distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) and published biannually; accepted papers are published online ahead of print. ARO has no article submission/processing charges (APCs). Click for ONLINE SUBMISSION


Vol 6, No 2 (2018)

Table of Contents


Amera G. Baker