Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis of Seed Yield and Yield Components in Some Faba Bean Genotypes in Sulaimani Region

Sherwan E. Tofiq, Omer K. Aziz, Sazgar H. Salih


The present study was conducted at Agricultural Research Center of Bakrajo, Sulaimani, Iraq during three successive seasons 2011-2014. This research was conducted using seven faba bean cultivars namely (Zaina, Seher, Yieldiz, Civilla, Luz di Otono, Tanyari  and local). The following measurements and observations were made: 100 seed weight, first node height, number of seeds/plant, number of seeds/pod, pod length, number of pods/plant and seed yield. The results indicated that highly significant and negative correlations were presented between 100 seed weight and seed yield, whereas, significant and positive correlations were presented between the numbers of seed/plant and seed yield at the second season. In addition, the results of the third season indicate that the number of seeds/plant correlated significantly and positively with seed yield, and the number of seeds/pod correlated significantly and negatively with seed yield, whereas, number of pods/plant correlated high significantly and positively with the seed yield. The character first node height showed maximum direct effect value in seed yield at the first season and the third season, while number of pods/plant showed maximum direct effect value in seed yield at the second season.


Broad bean, correlation, path analysis

Full Text:



Al-Barzinji, I.M. and Amin, B.M., 2016. Non-destructive method of leaf area estimation for oleander (Nerium oleander L.) cultivated in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region. ARO-The Scientific Journal of Koya University, 4(1), pp.22-26. Retrieved from

Abdelmula, A. A. and Abd alla, A.H., 1994. Path coefficient analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L). University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(1), pp.46-58.

Alghamd, S.S., 2007. Genetic behavior of some selected faba bean genotypes. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings, 8, pp.709-714.

Amin, T.M., 2014, Non-destructive method for estimating log volume for Melia azedarach L. trees in Erbil-Iraqi Kurdistan Region. ARO-The Scientific Journal of Koya University, 2(2), pp.32-36. Retrieved from

Anonymous, 1997. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Production Year Book, FAO, Rome, Italy.

Arshad, M., Bakhsh, A. Bashir, M. and Haqqani, A.M., 2002. Determining the heritability and relationship between yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 34(3), pp.237-245.

Atta, B.M., Haq M.A. and Shah, T.M., 2008. Variation and inter-relationships of quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 40(2), pp.637-647.

Badolay, A., Hooda, J.S., Malik, B.P.S., 2009. Correlation and path analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Journal of Haryana Agronomy, 25, pp.94-95.

Bakheit, B.R. and Mahady, E.E., 1998.Variation, correlation and path coefficient analysis for some characters in collection of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (FBISE), 20, pp.9-14.

Bianco, V.V., Damato, G., Miccolis, V., Polignano, G., Poerceddu, E. and Scipa, G., 1979. Variation in a collection of Vicia faba L. and Correlations Among Agronomically Important Characters. In: Some Current Research on Vicia faba in Western Europe. Ed. D.A. Bond, G.T. Scarascia-Mugnozza and M.K. Poulsen. Pub. EEC, EUR 6244, pp.125-143.

Bingliang, W. and C. Mingliang, 2003. Path coefficient analysis of pod yield and its components in Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. humilis alef. Journal of Biomathematics, 18(3), pp.345-350.

Bora, G.C., S.N. Gupta, Y.S. Tomer, S. Singh and S. Singh, 1988. Genetic variability, correlation and path coefficient analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 68(4), pp. 212-214.

Chitra, R., Rajamani, K., 2010. Character association and path analysis in glory lily (Gloriosa su/ba L.). Communications in Biometry and Crop Science, 5, pp. 78–82.

Cokkizgin, A., 2007. Research on Determination of Botanical and Agronomic Pro/ties of Local Genotypes of Some Lentils (Lens culinaris Medik.) Selected From South And Southeastern Anatolian Regions In Turkey. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Field Crops Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences University of Cukurova, p.127.

Cyprien, M. and Kumar, V., 2011. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of rice cultivates data. Journal of Reliability and Statistical Studies, 4 (2), pp. 119-131.

Dewey, D.R. and Lu, K.H., 1959. A correlation and path coefficient analysis of components of crescent wheat grass seed production. Agronomy Journal, 51, pp.515-518.

Duc, G., Shiying, B., Baum, M., Redden, B., Sadiki, M., Jose Suso, M., Vishniakova, M. and Zong, X., 2010. Diversity maintenance and use of Vicia faba L. genetic resources. Field Crops Research, 115, pp.270–278.

Dursun, A., 2007. Variability, heritability and correlation studies in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1), pp. 12-16.

Ghobary, H.M.M. and Abd Allah, S.A.M., 2010. Correlation and path coefficient studies in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Plant Production, 9, pp.1233–1239.

Gonçalves, M.C., Correa, A.M., Destro, D., Ferreira, L.C., and Sobrinho, T.A., 2003. Correlations and path analysis of common bean grain yield and its primary components. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 3(3), pp.217-222.

Hamid, M.N. and Abdullah, M.Y., 2008, Contribution of mathematical model for the development of sustainable agriculture. 2008. Malaysian Journal of Mathematical Science, 2(2), pp.83-91.

Hassan, M., Zubair, M. and Ajmal, S., 2003. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in some promising lines of mashbean (Vigna mungo). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 6(4), pp.370-372.

Hawtin, G. and Webb, C., 1982. Faba bean Improvement. In: Proceeding of faba the bean Conference Cairo, Egypt, the International Center for Agricultural Research Center in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) Aleppo, Syria. Martinus Nijhoff Publisher for ICARDA/IFAD Nile Valley Project, The Netherlands, pp.19-23.

Karadavut, U., 2009. Path analysis for yield and yield components in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 14(2), pp.97-104.

Karadavut, U., Ç. PALTA, Z. Kavurmaci, and Y. Bölek, 2010. Some grain yield parameters of multi-environmental trials in faba bean (Vicia faba) genotypes. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12, pp.217–220.

Karasu, A. and Oz, M., 2010. A study on coefficient analysis and association between agronomical characters in dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 16, pp.203-211.

Keneni, G. and Jarso, M., 2002. Comparison of three secondary traits as determination of grain yield in Faba bean on water logged vertisols. Journal of Genetics and Breeding, 56, pp.314-325.

LI, C.C., 1968. Population Genetics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago. USA.

Malik, M.F.A., Ashraf, M., Qureshi A.S. and Ghafoor, A., 2007. Assessment of genetic variability, correlation and path analyses for yield and its components in soybean, Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39(2), pp.405-413.

Miller, P.A., Williams, J.C., Robinson, H.P. and Comstock, R.E., 1958. Estimation of genotypic and environmental variances and covariances in upland cotton and their implications in selection. Agronomy Journal, 50, pp.126-131.

Mohammadi, S.A., Prasanna B.M. and Singh, N.N., 2003. Sequential path model for determining interrelationships among grain yield and related characters in maize. Crop Science, 43, pp.1690-1697.

Nawab, N.N., Subhani, G.M., Mahmood, K., Shakil, Q. and Saeed, A., 2008. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis studies in garden pea (Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Agricultural Research, 46(4), pp.333-340.

Peksen, E. and Gulumser, A., 2005. Relationships between seed yield and yield components and path analysis in some common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes. Journal of Faculty of Agricultural, Ondokuz Mayis University, 20(3), pp.82-87.

Raffi, S.A., and Nath, U.K., 2004. Variability, heritability, genetic advance and relationships of yield and yield contributing characters in dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Biological Science, 4(2), pp.157-159.

Sabokdast, M. and Khyalparast, F., 2008. A study of relationship between grain yield and yield component in common bean cultivars (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Water and Soil Science, Science & Technology of Agriculture & Natural Resources, 11(42), pp.123-133.

Sadeghi, A., Cheghamirza, K. and Dorri, H.R., 2011. The study of morpho-agronomic traits relationship in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Biharean Biologist, 5(2), pp.102-108.

Sagir, A., Bicer, B.T. and Sakar, D., 2004. Correlations among characters and ascochyta blight disease severities in chickpea breeding lines. Plant Pathology Journal, 3(1), pp.40-43.

Salehi, M., Faramarzi, A. and Mohebalipour, N., 2010. Evaluation of different effective traits on seed yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with path analysis. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 9(1), pp.52-54.

Sepeto_lu, H. and Grain, L., 2002. Ege University, Faculty of Agriculture, Publication: 24/4.262 p.

Suso, M.J., M.T. Moreno, 1999. Variation in outcrossing rate and genetic structure on six cultivars of Vicia faba L. as affected by geographic location and year. Plant Breeding, 118, pp.347-350.

Tadesse, T., Fikere, M., Legesse, T. and Parven, A., 2011. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of yield and its component in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) germplasm. International Journal of Biodiversity Conservation, 3, pp.376-382.

Ulukan, H., Culer, M. and Keskin, S., 2003. A path coefficient analysis of some yield and yield components in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 6(23), pp.1951-1955.

Vandana, K., and Dubey, D.K.,1993. Path analysis in faba bean. Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (FBISE), 32, pp.23-24.

Wright, S., 1921. Correlation and causation. Journal of Agricultural Research, 20, pp. 557–585.

View Counter: Abstract | 558 | and PDF | 232 |

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Copyright (c) 2016 Sherwan E. Tofiq, Omer K. Aziz, Sazgar H. Salih

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


ARO Journal is an OAJ supported by Koya University, it has no article submission/processing charges (APCs).
© 2017, Koya University is a public University accredited by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, KRG - F.R. Iraq.