Landfill Site Selection for Solid Waste Using GIS-based Multi-Criteria Spatial Modeling

TaqTaq Sub-district in Iraqi Kurdistan Region as a Case

Keywords: Geographic information systems, Landfill sitting, Multi-criteria evaluation, Solid waste management, WLC process


This study gains insight into landfill sites with the observance of all the political, economic and environmental difficulties for the implementing appropriate site measures by adopting a collection of geospatial technique and weighted linear combination (WLC) in TqaTaq sub-district. In the current study, there are several areas determined as appropriate sites for landfill location. In this study, the criteria of distance from the roads, the city center, rivers, surface water, and land use map were used. According to this analysis, only 25.21% of the TaqTaq sub district is suitable for a landfill. Thus, basing on the findings, 20.93% of the concerned sub-district is regarded as least adequate site for this mission, whereas only 3.25% of the area is regarded as moderate suitable. Thus, this study has found out that 1.03% area is the most suitable. The majority of suitable area was located in the North of the Town, where waste production is more than other locations. It should be noted that based on the outcome of this study, the amount of waste produced in the TaqTaq Town for the next 10 years, from 2022 to 2032, is predicted to be about 4080 tons. According to the density calculated for the waste of this area and considering the height of 4 m for the landfill center, in the next 10 years, about 3000 m2 of land is required for the landfill location. Since the suitable area found in this research is about 15 hectares.


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Author Biography

Rostam S. Aziz, Department of, Geography ,Faculty of Education, Koya University.

Rostam S. Aziz is a Assistant Prof at the Department of Geography, Faculty of Education, KOYA
University. He got the B.Sc. degree in Geography, the M.Sc. degree in Geography and the Ph.D.
degree in Geography. His research interests are in GIS, Environment and Urban and Regional
planning. Dr. Rostam is a member of National Geographic of Kurdistan Society.


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How to Cite
Aziz, R. S. (2022) “Landfill Site Selection for Solid Waste Using GIS-based Multi-Criteria Spatial Modeling: TaqTaq Sub-district in Iraqi Kurdistan Region as a Case”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 10(2), pp. 99-105. doi: 10.14500/aro.11017.