Effect of Waste Glass on Properties of Treated Problematic Soils

A Comprehensive Review

Keywords: Stabilization, Problematic Soil, Waste glass, Physical properties, Mechanical properties


Soils are the most commonly used construction material in engineering projects. Fine-grained soils especially clayey soil may expand and lose strength when wet and shrink when dry, resulting in a significant volume change. Construction on weak soils has created challenges for various civil engineering projects worldwide, including roadways, embankments, and foundations. As a result, improving weak soil is vital, particularly for highway construction. The properties of this type of soil can be improved by waste-recycled materials such as waste glass (WG). The WG must be crushed and ground to a fine powder first and then can be mixed in various proportions with the soil. The primary objective of this study is to review the effect of WG on geotechnical properties of fine-grained soils treated by WG. To demonstrate the effects, the treated fine-grained soils at varying percentages of WG are compared with untreated soils. Physical properties (e.g., Atterberg limits, swelling, and maximum dry density), mechanical properties (e.g., California bearing ratio, and unconfined compressive strength) are evaluated. The test results from the literature show that adding a certain percentage of WG leads to a substantial effect on the properties of fine-grained soils; hence, using WG could reduce the required thickness of subbases in the construction of driveways and roads.


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Author Biographies

Jaylan H. Sherwany, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Soran University, Soran, 44008, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Jaylan H. Sherwany is an Associate researcher at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Soran University. She got the B.Sc. degree in [Civil Engineering] and is currently a postgraduate student at the department. Her research interests are in  Soil Stabilization, Problematic Soils, and Waste materials.

Jamal I. Kakrasul, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Soran University, Soran, 44008, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Jamal I. Kakrasul is an Associate Professor at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Soran University. He got the B.Sc. degree, M.Sc. degree and PhD degree in Civil Engineering. His research interests are in Earth retaining structures, Ground improvements, Geosynthetics, Buried structures,
Sustainability, and Solid waste engineering characteristics. Dr Kakrasul is a member of ASCE, international Geosynthetic society and Kurdistan engineering union.

Jie Han, Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA

Jie Han is a Distinguished Professor at the Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, School of Engineering, Kansas University. He got the B.Sc. degree and M.Sc. degree in Geotechnical Engineering and M.Sc. and PhD degree in Civil Engineering. His research interests are in Ground improvements, Geosynthetics, Buried tructures, Pile foundations, and Roadways. Dr Han is a fellow of ASCE and he currently serve as the president of Geo-Institute.


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How to Cite
Sherwany, J. H., Kakrasul, J. I. and Han, J. (2023) “Effect of Waste Glass on Properties of Treated Problematic Soils: A Comprehensive Review”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 11(2), pp. 180-190. doi: 10.14500/aro.11284.
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