Taguchi Method for Investigating the Performance Parameters and Exergy of a Diesel Engine Using Four Types of Diesel Fuels

  • Dara K. Khidir Koya University
  • Soorkeu A. Atrooshi Salahaddin University
Keywords: Compression ignition engines, exergy, Taguchi, performance.

Abstract

The effects of changes in engine operating parameters, i.e., engine speed, throttle and water temperature, for four types of diesel fuel (A, B, C and D) of different specific gravities, as supplied from local market and refineries, were studied and simultaneously optimized. The experiment design was based on Taguchi’s “L' 16” orthogonal table, and the engine was put to test at different engine speeds, throttling opening percentages and water temperatures, using different fuels. The data were analyzed using S/N (signal to noise ratio) for each factor. The obtained results show that the optimum operating conditions for minimum BSFC (brake specific fuel consumption) are achieved when the engine speed is 2500 rpm, the throttle is placed at 75% of full throttling, the water temperature is 80 oC and the engine is using fuel type D. Also, results of S/N ratio reveal that the throttle has significant influence on brake thermal and exergic efficiencies. Water temperature is the second most effective factor and then comes the influence of engine speed. The least effective factor among the studied parameters for the types of fuel considered in this experiment is the fuel type.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Dara K. Khidir, Koya University
Dara Khalid Khidhir is an assistant  lecturer at the Department of Petroleum at Koya University, since 2014. He has a B.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering in 1998 and M.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering (Thermal Power) in 2013. His main research area is Energy and Renewable Energy analysis, Internal combustion engines, and simulation of Thermal Systems. Mr. Dara is a Mechanical Engineer at the Presidency of Koya University and He is member of Kurdistan Engineering Union and He has an experience in maintenance of Heavy duty machines. 
Soorkeu A. Atrooshi, Salahaddin University
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Salahaddin University, Kurdistan Region.

References

Cussons, Diesel Multi-cylinder Engine Test Bed Instructions Manual, 1989 Cussons Technology Ltd.

Denton, T., 2011. Automobile mechanical and electrical systems, Butterworth-Heinemann, Elsevier.

Doe, 1993. Fundamentals handbook of mechanical science, 1, U.S. Department of Energy.

Garrett, T.K., 2001. The motor vehicle thirteenth edition, Butterworth Heinemann.

Lee, D.H., 2013. Development of a highly efficient low-emission diesel engine-power co-generation system and its optimization using Taguchi method. Applied Thermal Engineering, 50(2013), pp.491-495.

Kanogˇlu, M., Isık, S.K. and Abuşogˇlu, A., 2005. Performance characteristics of a diesel engine power plant. Energy Conversion and Management, 46(11-12), pp.1692–1702.

Mollenhauer, K., and H. Tschoeke, 2010. Handbook of diesel engines, Springer.

Nataraj, M., Arunachalam, V.P. and Dhandapani, N., 2005. Optimizing diesel engine parameters for low emissions using Taguchi method: variation risk analysis approach-Part I. Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, 12(3), pp.169-181.

Pulkrabek, W.W., 2004. Engineering fundamentals of the internal combustion engine, 2nd ed. Pearson Educational International.

Rajput, R.K., 2008. A text book of internal combustion engine, 2nd Edition, Laxmi Publications.

Rakopoulos, C.D., 2004. Availability analysis of a turbocharged diesel engine operating under transient load conditions, Energy, 29(8), pp.1085-1104.

Ross, P., 1996. Taguchi techniques for quality engineering, 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Sayin, C., 2006. Energy and exergy analyses of a gasoline engine, Wiley Inter-Science, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Sekmen, P. and Yılbaşı, Z., 2010, Application of energy and exergy analyses to a CI engine using biodiesel fuel, Mathematical and Computational Applications, 16(4), pp.797-808.

Sorathia, H.S. and Yadav, H.J, 2012. Energy analyses to a CI engine using diesel and bio-gas dual fuel; A review study. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies (IJAERS), 1(2), pp.212-217.

Tamilvendhan, D., Ilangovan, V. and Karthikeyan, R., 2011. Optimization of engine operating parameters for eucalyptus oil mixed diesel fueled DI diesel engine using Taguchi method. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences (ARPN), 6(6), pp.14-22.

Wu, H-W., and Wu, Z-Y, 2013. Using Taguchi method on combustion performance of a diesel engine with diesel/biodiesel blend and port-inducting H2. Applied Energy, 104, pp.326-370.

Xiao, S., Sun, W., Du, J. and Li, G., 2014. Application of CFD, Taguchi method and ANOVA technique to optimize combustion and emissions in light duty diesel engine. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Article ID 502902, 9 pages, doi:10.1155/2014/502902.

Xin, Q., 2011. Diesel Engine System Design, Wood Head Publishing Limited.

Published
2016-05-18
How to Cite
Khidir, D. K. and Atrooshi, S. A. (2016) “Taguchi Method for Investigating the Performance Parameters and Exergy of a Diesel Engine Using Four Types of Diesel Fuels”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 4(1), pp. 27-34. doi: 10.14500/aro.10101.
Section
Articles