Pollution Problems in Koya City due to Private Electrical Generators

Keywords: Air pollution, Diesel power generator, Emission, Environment, Pollutants


Koya city, like any other city in the world, faces a critical environmental problem which is global warming and the increase in the rate of production of gaseous pollutants. This research is involved with the negative effects of private Electrical Power Generators (EPGs) on the environment in Koya City. The environmental pollutants resulted from EPGs were investigated by performing an actual study on land for the number of (EPGs), types, and distribution. Koya city is divided into 18 quarters. The investigation covers a period from 2009 to 2017, included. The production of power was increased due to the increase in the number of generators and supplying hours. The power production in 2009 was 23,850 megawatt (MW) whereas it was 49,635 MW in 2017. The amount of fuel consumed in 2009–2017 was relatively increased from 30,000 to 62,500 barrel/year. The total amount of pollutants was increased by about 108% during the period 2009–2017. The results showed that the most significant increase in pollutants was carbon dioxide (CO2). The annual amount of (CO2) emitted in 2009 was 6588 tons whereas it has increased in 2017–13710 tons. The conclusion of this study was that the highest pollution occurred in the center of Koya City in Nabeel quarter, which represented 22% of the whole pollutants.


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Author Biographies

Hayder H. Abbas, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Koya University, Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region

Hayder Hassan Abbas obtained his B.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering from University of Baghdad, Iraq in 2004, postgraduate diploma P.Gd in Planning (Energy Planning) from University of Duhok, Iraq, in 2011 , and M.Sc. Degree in Electrical & Electronic Engineering from Near East University, N. Cyprus.

Fakhri H. Ibraheem, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Koya University, Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region

Fakhri H. Ibraheem is an Industrial Expert and a lecturer in the Department of Chemical Engineering, where he joined the work at Koya University since 2012. Before that he worked for 25 years in public Industrial sector. He was Expert in Quality Control Directorate in the Ministry of Trade and Industry - KRG since 2007. He is an Expert in Industrial Clusters and Competitiveness in Ministry of Industry and Minerals (MIM). He worked in many Chemical industries like sulphuric acid, wood composite, rubber industry, dry batteries, secondary lead smelter and SLI lead acid automotive batteries. He gained a B.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering from Baghdad University in 1979, and M.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering from Baghdad University in 1999. 

Ahmed A. Maaroof, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Koya University Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region

Ahmed A. Maaroof joined the Department of Chemical Engineering at Koya University as an Assistant Lecturer in 2015. He GOT HIS B.Sc. degree in Fuel and Energy Engineering, Northern Technical College in 2010, and M.Sc. degree Environmental and Energy Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield IN 2013.


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How to Cite
Abbas, H. H., Ibraheem, F. H. and Maaroof, A. A. (2019) “Pollution Problems in Koya City due to Private Electrical Generators”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 7(2), pp. 38-46. doi: 10.14500/aro.10538.