A Comprehensive Framework for Integrating Robotics and Digital Twins in Façade Perforation

Keywords: Architectural design, Digital workflow, Integrated technology, Perforated facades, Robotic fabrication


In contemporary design practices, the conflict between initial design approaches and subsequent manufacturing and construction stages presents a notable challenge. To address this disparity, our study aims to establish a comprehensive digital design workflow, bridging these gaps. The authors introduce a conceptual framework that seamlessly integrates the imperatives of LEED with the realm of robotic manufacturing, specifically tailored for construction sites. The proposed methodology encompasses four distinct iFOBOT modules: iFOBOT-environment, iFOBOT-design, iFOBOT-construct, and iFOBOT-monitor. The integration of these modules allows for a holistic approach to design and construction, fostering efficient collaboration between multidisciplinary teams. To validate the efficacy of the author’s approach, we conducted an empirical study involving the creation of a double-skin facade panel perforation using this integrated process. Initial findings emphasize the enhanced constructability achieved through simulated robotic interventions utilizing a heuristic function. Moreover, this research presents a functional prototype as a tangible embodiment of the method’s practical application and potential impact on the field of architectural design and construction.


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Author Biography

Ahmed K. Ali, Department of Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Duhok, Kurdistan region – F.R. Iraq

Ahmed K. Ali is a Lecturer at the Department of Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Duhok. He got a B.Sc. degree in Architectural Engineering from the University of Duhok, an M.Sc. degree in Digital Design and Fabrication at Texas Tech University, Texas, USA, and a Ph.D. degree in Robotics and AI at Chung-Ang University, Seoul, South Korea. His research interests are robotics in architecture, building information modeling, and leadership in energy and environmental design. Dr. Ali is a member of the American Institute of Architects AIA.


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How to Cite
Ali, A. K. (2024) “ A Comprehensive Framework for Integrating Robotics and Digital Twins in Façade Perforation”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 12(1), pp. 191-202. doi: 10.14500/aro.11351.