Education Needs to Support Architecture, Engineering, and Construction Collaboration Using Building Information Modeling

Keywords: Architecture, engineering, and construction collaboration, Building information modeling, Building lifecycle, Education, Integrated design


Projects in the construction industry involve multidisciplinary collaboration between the disciplines of architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC), and others. Conventionally, the collaboration between these disciplines relied on the recurrent exchange of relevant drawings and documents. Building information modeling (BIM) as a model-based process has given AEC professionals the tools to more efficiently plan, design, construct, and manage buildings and infrastructure. Yet the AEC industry has been reluctant in fully adopting the BIM as a single standard. This study explores and identifies the bottlenecks in adopting BIM as a single product lifecycle standard in the construction industry and advise on educating new engineers to become the generation to use a virtual collaborative working space covering the entire building lifecycle. Two conducted surveys targeting the AEC academia and industry revealed the needs for multilevel cross-disciplinary interactive collaborative BIM process modeling, and skilled workforce to increase the graduates’ marketability and BIM adaptability. It is concluded that the new age collaborative culture requires new generation of AEC players that are enabled to work on a shared virtual product model supported by proactive BIM skills learned through undergraduate programs.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Dilan M. Rostam, Department of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Koya University, Kurdistan Region
Dilan M. Rostam (Roshani) is a lecturer at the Department of Architectural Engineering at Koya University since 2012. He has a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Civil Engineering/Structural design using computer application from Chalmers University in Sweden. He also has a Ph.D. in  Civil /Structural Engineering using virtual collaborative design from University of Nottingham, UK. Dr Rostam has long industrial experience in e.Management and applied computer in design work with several published articles. Dr. Rostam's expertise include virtual collaboration and IT strategy in Higher Education, promoting student centered green, paperless university in an e-Smart academic community. As a lecturer Dr. Rostam laid the foundation for a new novel course module "Vernacular Architecture in Kurdistan" which is unique in the region exploring native building habits in Kurdistan. He was member of Executive Editorial of the first Kurdish Scientific eJournal ZANÍN published by Kurdish Scientists and MDs in United Kingdom (KMSF) as well as Aro the Scientific Journal of Koya University. (see TAP)


Aconex, 2017. BIM Management Software for Construction Projects. Available from: [Last accessed on 2017 Aug].

ARC, 2015. Construction Professionals Make the Case for an Industry-Specific Cloud-based Document Management Application. ARC Document Solutions.

Autodesk, 2015. Getting More Value from your BIM Process with Autodesk Collaboration and Data Management Products. Available from: [Last accessed on 2016 May 03].

Azhar, S., 2011. Building information modeling (BIM): Trends, benefits, risks, and challenges for the AEC industry. Leadership and Management in Engineering, 11(3), pp.241-252.

Azhar, S., Hein, M. and Sketo, B., 2008. Building Information Modeling: Benefits, Risks and Challenges.” Proc., 44th Associated Schools of Construction National Conference, Auburn, AL.

Bazjanac, V., 2006. Information and Communication Technologies Improving Efficiencies. CRC, Boca Raton, FL.

Bhargav, D. and Lauri, K., 2009. Collaborative knowledge management a construction case study. Automation in Construction, 18(7), pp.894-902.

BIM Academic Forum UK., 2013. Embedding BIM within the Taught Curriculum. BS 1192, 2007, Collaborative Production of Architectural, Engineering and Construction Information Code of Practice, Annex (PAS 1192-2), BSI.

Dassault Systèmes, 2014. Architecture, Engineering and Construction End-to-End Collaboration by BIM Enabled by BIM Level 3, An Industry Approach Based on Best Practices from Manufacturing. Available from: http://www. [Last accessed on 2016 Feb].

Eadie, R., Browne, M., Odeyinka, H., McKeown, C. and McNiff, S., 2015. A survey of current status of and perceived changes required for BIM adoption in the UK. Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 5(1), pp.4-21.

Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R. and Liston, K., 2008. BIM handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers, and Contractors. 1st ed. Publisher: Wiley, Hobokenpp, p.490.

E-difice, 2017. The Construction Sector is in Need of a R-e-VOLUTION. Available from: [Last accessed on 2017 Jul].

EUBIM Task Group, 2016. Handbook for the Introduction of Building Information Modelling by the European Public Sector, The European Union. EUBIM Task Group, Europe.

Forbes, L.H. and Ahmed, S.M., (Eds.) 2010. Modern Construction: Lean Project Delivery and Integrated Practices (Industrial Innovation Series). CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Fruchter, R. and Lewis, S., 2003. Mentoring models in support of P5BL in architecture/engineering/construction teamwork. International Journal of Engineering Education, 19(5), pp.663-671.

Fruchter, R., 2003. Innovation in Engaging Learning and Global Teamwork Experiences. In Information Technology 2003: Towards a Vision for Information Technology in Civil Engineering: Proceedings of the Fourth Join International Symposium on Information Technology in Civil Engineering, Nashville, Tennessee.

Fruchther, R. and Lewis, S., 2003. Mentoring models in support of p5bl in architecture/engineering/construction global teamwork. International Journal Engineering Education, 19(5), pp.663-671.

Hardin, B., 2009. BIM and construction management. Wiley, Indianapolis, IN.

Hopkirk, E., 2017. Skills Shortage Hits BIM Uptake, Survey Finds, News in Building Design. Available from: [Last accessed on 2017 Nov 14].

Howard, R. and Björk, B., 2008. Building information modelling experts’ views on standardisation and industry deployment. Journal of Advanced Engineering Informatics Archive, 22(2), pp.271-280.

Kaner, I., Sacks, R., Kassian, W. and Quitt, T., 2008. Case studies of BIM adoption for precast concrete design by mid-sized structural engineering firms. ITcon, 13, pp.303-323.

Khanzode, A., Fischer, M. and Reed, D., 2008. Benefits and lessons learned of implementing building virtual design and construction (VDC) technologies for coordination of mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems on a large healthcare project. ITcon, 13, pp.324-342.

Khosrowshahi, F., Greenwood, D., Pittard, S. and Garvey, R., 2015. Current Position and Associated Challenges of BIM Education in UK Higher Education, BIM Academic Forum. Project Report.

Manning, R. and Messner, J., 2008. Case studies in BIM implementation for programming of healthcare facilities. ITcon, 13, pp.246-257.

Mills, F., 2015. Levels of Definition Explained. available form: https://www. [Last accessed on 2017 Sep].

NBS, 2014. National BIM Report Survey. Available from: https://www.thenbs. com/knowledge/nbs-national-bim-report-2014. [Last accessed on 2016 May].

NBS, 2016. National BIM Report Survey. Available from: https://www.thenbs. com/knowledge/national-bim-report-2016. [Last Accessed on 2016 Aug].

NBS-US, 2015. National BIM Standard-United States® Version 3. Available from: PxP_Guide.pdf. [Last accessed on 2017 Aug 22].

Olofsson, T., Lee, G. and Eastman, C., 2008. Case studies of BIM in use. ITcon, 13, pp.244-245.

Poerschke, U., Holland, R.J., Messner, J.I. and Pihlak, M., 2010. BIM Collaboration Across Six Disciplines, Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, pp.575-671.

Roshani, D. and Tizani, W., 2005. Integrated IFC based Collaborative Building Design using Internet Technology. Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, pp.58.

Shafiq, M.T., Matthews, J. and Lockley, S.R., 2013. A study of BIM collaboration requirements and available features in existing model collaboration systems. Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 18, pp.148-161.

Shin, T.S., 2017. Building information modeling (BIM) collaboration from the structural engineering perspective, Korea. International Journal of Steel Structures, 17(1), pp.205-214.

Singh, V., Gu, N. and Wang, X., 2011. A theoretical framework of a BIM-based multi-disciplinary collaboration platform. Automation in Construction, 20, pp.134-144.

Stangeland, B.K., 2011. BIM Collaboration Format (BCF), Building Smart- International Alliance for Interoperability. Available from: ; resources/abu-dhabi-iug-meeting/IDMC_017_1.pdf. [Last accessed on 2017 Jan 24].

Thomassen, M., 2011. BIM and Collaboration in the AEC Industry, A Dissertation at Aalborg University. Denmark.

Zhang, J., Schmidt, K. and Li, H., 2016. BIM and sustainability education: Incorporating instructional needs into curriculum planning in CEM programs accredited by ACCE. Sustainability (Switzerland), 8(6), p.525.

How to Cite
Rostam, D. M. (2019) “Education Needs to Support Architecture, Engineering, and Construction Collaboration Using Building Information Modeling”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 7(2), pp. 53-62. doi: 10.14500/aro.10604.