Preparation and Characterization of Green Fe3 O4 Nanoparticle Using the Aqueous Plant Extract of Gundelia tournefortii L.

Keywords: Green synthesis, Gundelia tournefortii L., leaf extract, Fe3 O4 nanocomposite, Characterization


In this work, the magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) synthesized using a simple, fast, and environmentally acceptable green approach. Gundelia Tournefortii Extract, an aqueous plant extract, was used for the first time in green synthesis to prepare nanoparticles as reducing, capping, and stabilizing agents. Such biomolecules as flavonoids, alkaloids, and antioxidants are found in the aqueous leaf extract, and their presence has been determined to have an important role in the synthesis of Fe3O4-NPs. The techniques used in this analysis include Fourier Transform Infrared, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Energy-Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy, and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer. The Vibrating Sample Magnetometer demonstrated that the samples were superparamagnetic, with a magnetization value of 48.6 emu/g. The prepared nanoparticle was applied to  remove Chrystal Violet (CV), Malachite Green(MG), and Safranin (S) dyes from prepared aqueous solutions with the adsorption capacity of 13.9, 15.6, and 14.4 mg/g respectively.


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Author Biographies

Aveen F. Jalal, Department of Chemistry, College of Education, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Aveen F. Jalal is an Assistant Lecturer at the Department of Chemistry, College of Education; Salahaddin University-Erbil. She got the B.Sc. degree in Chemistry, the M.Sc. degree in Analytical Chemistry and now she is Ph.D. student in Analytical Chemistry. Her research interests are in analytical chemistry, green chemistry, removal and determination of heavy metal ions, removal of organic compounds, and flow injection Analysis. Aveen is a member of Kurdistan Chemistry Syndicate.

Nabil A. Fakhre, Department of Chemistry, College of Education, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Nabil A. Fakhre is a Professor at the Department of Chemistry, College of Education, Salahaddin University-Erbil. He got the B.Sc. degree in Chemistry, the M.Sc. degree in Analytical Chemistry and the Ph.D. degree in Analytical Chemistry. His research interests are in analytical chemistry, removal of heavy metal ions, removal of organic compounds, derivative spectroscopy, green chemistry, and flow injection analysis. Dr. Nabil is a member of Kurdistan Chemistry Syndicate and the Iraqi Chemical Society.


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How to Cite
Jalal, A. F. and Fakhre, N. A. (2021) “Preparation and Characterization of Green Fe3 O4 Nanoparticle Using the Aqueous Plant Extract of Gundelia tournefortii L.”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 9(2), pp. 58-63. doi: 10.14500/aro.10843.