Seroprevalence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 Immunoglobulin M and Immunoglobulin G Antibodies among the Population of Koya University

Keywords: Anti-severe acute respiratory syndromecoronavirus-2 Antibody, Coronavirus, Coronavirus disease-19, Immunoglobulin G, Immunoglobulin M.


Coronavirus is a pandemic disease. In most cases, the exact infection rate cannot be determined as not everybody can be tested for the virus, even though some of them carry the virus silently. Therefore, detection of antibodies of this virus is more practical to give us a better clue about the rate of infection because the asymptomatic people can be tested too. The serological detection of anti-Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus (SARS-COV-2) antibodies among asymptomatic and moderate symptomatic individuals gives us the vital point to understanding the prevalence rate of COVID-19 among the population. Total of (436) volunteers were participated, (96) from teaching staff, (172) employee, and (168) students. Anti-SARS-COV-2 immunoglobulin G (IgG) and Immunoglobulin M (IgM) were detected in the serum by ELISA technique, and complete blood count was performed for all participants. The number of seropositive of anti-SARS-COV-2/IgG was (159), whereas IgM was (66). The highest prevalence rate of IgG detected among participants with family member infected with coronavirus (42.7%). Total WBCs count significantly increased among IgM positive participants. Many asymptomatic people were infected with coronavirus, which lead to more spreading of the virus among the population. Therefore, mass screening of the population for specific antibody against coronavirus is important to reduce the infection rate.


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Author Biographies

Safia S. I. Blbas, Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Safia S.I. Blbas is a Lecturer at the Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University. I got the B.Sc. degree in General Biology, the M.Sc. degree in Medical Microbiology and the Ph.D. degree in Biomedical Sciences. My research interests are in Cell signaling, amino acid transporter in the cell membrane and how it affected by dexamethasone and Immunology of pregnancy. Dr. Blbas is a member of scientific committee of Medical Microbiology department.

Hiwa A. Ahmad, Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Hiwa Abdulrahman Ahmad is a Lecturer at the Department Medical Microbiology, Faculty/College of Science and Health, Koya University. He got the B.Sc. degree in Biology, the M.Sc. degree in Immunology-antiviral immunity. His research interests are in, Immunology, Virology and Antiviral Immunity. Hiwa is a Director of Science and Health Research Canter at Koya University.

Dawan Hawezy, School of Medicine, Koya University, Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Dawan J. Hawezy is an Assistant Lecturer at the School of Medicine, Koya University. He got a B.Sc. degree in Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, the M.Sc. degree in General Surgery, Hawler Medical University. His research interests are in breast surgery, medical education and wound surgery. Dr. Dawan is a member of the Kurdistan Association of Surgeons

Hemn Shawgery, School of Medicine, Koya University, Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Hemn R. Salih is a Lecturer at the Department of Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Koya University. He got the B.Sc. degree in college of Medicine Salahaddin University-Erbil, and the Ph.D.[Both Iraqi & Arabic Board ]degree in Internal Medicine. His research interests are in Cardiology, Infectious Diseases & Internal Medicine. Dr. Hemn is a member of Iraqi & Arabic Council of Health (Medical) Specialities in Medicine.

Hersh N. Bahadin, School of Medicine, Koya University, Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Hersh N. Bahadin is an Assistant Lecturer at the School of Medicine, Koya University. He got the B.Sc. degree in Pharmacy, the M.Sc. degree in Pharmacology . His research interests are in Ddrug action , clinical Pharamcology and Diabetic Drugs. Dr. Hersh is a member of Kurdistan Syndicate of Pharmacy.


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How to Cite
Blbas, S. S. I., Ahmad, H. A., Hawezy, D. J., Shawgery, H. and Bahadin, H. N. (2021) “Seroprevalence of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 Immunoglobulin M and Immunoglobulin G Antibodies among the Population of Koya University”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 9(2), pp. 51-57. doi: 10.14500/aro.10831.