Land Surface Temperature Anomalies Detection for the Strong Earthquakes in 2018

Keywords: Anomaly detection, Earthquake, Land surface temperature, Remote sensing


Earthquake every year leads to human and material losses and unpredictability of it by now makes this natural disaster worsen. The objective of the current study was to determine the anomalies in land surface temperature (LST) in areas affected by earthquakes. In this research, three earthquakes (M >6) were studied. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Aqua and Terra day and night LST data used from 2003 to 2018. The interquartile range (IQR) and mean ± 2σ methods utilized to select anomalies. As a result, based on the IQR method, no prior and after anomaly detected in selected cases and data. Based on mean ± 2σ, usually positive anomaly occurred during daytime. However, negative (or positive) anomaly occurred during the nighttime before the Mexico and Bolivia earthquakes. During 10 days after the earthquake, sometimes a negative anomaly detected.


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Author Biographies

Azad Rasul, Department of Geography, Soran University, Kawa Street, Soran 44008, Erbil, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq

Azad Rasul is a Lecturer at the Department of Geography, Faculty/College of Arts, Soran University. He got the B.A., M.Sc. and Ph.D. degree in Geography at Salahaddin University-Erbil, Luhansk Taras Shevchenko National University, and University of Leicester, respectively. His research interests are in earth observation, urban climate, and remote sensing. Dr. Azad is a member of the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Luqman W. Omar, Department of Geography, Koya University,Danielle Mitterrand Boulevard, Koya KOY45, Erbil, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq

Luqman waso omar is an Assistant prof at the Department of Geography, Faculty/College of Education, Koya University. He got the B.A., M.Sc. and Ph.D. degree in Geography at Salahaddin University-Erbil,and  Koya University respectively. His research interests are in applied  Climate, Agricultural climate, and bioclimate.



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How to Cite
Rasul, A. and Omar, L. W. (2020) “Land Surface Temperature Anomalies Detection for the Strong Earthquakes in 2018”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 8(2), pp. 15-21. doi: 10.14500/aro.10591.