Feasibility Study of Concrete Louvers for High-rise Residential Buildings in Terms of Cooling Energy Requirements

Keywords: High-rise building, Shading devices, cooling loads, Energy consumption, Sulaimani city

Abstract

High-rise residential buildings are increasing worldwide, including cities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Therefore, creating sustainable environments in and around these residential buildings are becoming an important problem. Improving energy efficiency in buildings has received critical attention worldwide. Countries have developed national sustainability strategies that lead to the lower energy consumption while maintaining comfort, reducing energy consumption, and minimizing harmful emissions. In this paper, an analysis of the impact of external shading devices in high-rise residential buildings on energy consumption of a 13-storey building in Sulaimani city is studied. The study is focused on fixed shading elements, explaining the influence of the design of vertical and horizontal shading devices on the total energy consumption of this type of building. The results show that both a single fixed horizontal blind with a depth of 20 cm and a triple vertical shading with the same depth are considered useless. The reduction in cooling loads by two fixed horizontal louvers almost doubled compared to a single fixed horizontal shading with 20 cm. Moreover, triple fixed horizontal louvers with 40 cm have almost the same effect on reducing cooling loads as triple fixed louvers with 60 cm. On the other hand, a triple fixed horizontal shading device with 60 cm has twice the effect on reducing annual cooling loads as a triple fixed vertical shading device with 60 cm.

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Author Biographies

Sara Dh. Bahaadin, Department of City Planning, Technical College of Engineering, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq

Sara Dhiaadin Bahaadin is an Assistant Lecturer at the Department of City Planning Engineering, Technical College of Engineering, Sulaimani Polytechnic University. She got the B.Sc. degree in Architecture Engineering, the M.Sc. degree in Sustainable Environmental Design in Architecture. Her research interests are in Sustainable Environmental Design, Green roof as a passive design strategy and Building Technology. Mrs. Sara is a member of the Kurdistan Engineering Union and also, she is a member of the Digital Cultural Heritage Research Center.

Binaee Y. Raof, Department of City Planning, Technical College of Engineering, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq

Binaee Raof is a lecturer at the Department of City Planning, College of Technical Engineering, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, she got the BSc. degree in Architectural Engineering Department and the MSc. In Renewable Energy and Architecture. Her research interests are in Sustainable Architecture, Energy Efficiency in Building, Sustainable Urban Design, Building Technology and Sustainable Development. Mrs. Binaee is a member of the Digital Cultural Heritage Research Center - SPU and she is a member of the Kurdistan Engineering Union

Hendren Abdulrahman, Department of Architecture, College of Engineering, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq

Hendren Hamid Abdulrahman is a Lecturer at the Architecture Department, College of Engineering, University of Sulaimani. He got the B.Sc. degree in Architecture Engineering and the M.Sc. degree in Sustainable Environmental Design in Architecture. His research interests are in Sustainable Environmental Design, Passive Design and Building Technology. Mr. Hendren is a member of the Kurdistan Engineering Union.

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Published
2021-03-01
How to Cite
Bahaadin, S. D., Raof, B. Y. and Abdulrahman, H. (2021) “Feasibility Study of Concrete Louvers for High-rise Residential Buildings in Terms of Cooling Energy Requirements”, ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY, 9(1), pp. 28-39. doi: 10.14500/aro.10743.
Section
Articles